Major Physical Features
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Map of elevation in Afghanistan

Afghanistan is completely surrounded by other countries. This means that the country is landlocked. It has six other countries that surround it. These countries surrounding Afghanistan include: Pakistan, Iran, Western China, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan. Afghanistan isn't the largest out of all these countries. It is one of the smaller countries in this group, but isn't the smallest either. Afghanistan is also said to look like a hanging leaf. Afghanistan is like one giant mountain. It only has deserts and plains on the outskirts of the country. As you move further into the country it continuously goes up in elevation until you reach a peak over 7,000 meters high. The country's land is 652,290 square kilometers total. This makes the country about the size of Texas. Afghanistan is 1,240 kilometers running from east to west and is 565 kilometers running from north to south. -mo

Over 49 percent of Afghanistan lies above 2,000 meters. There are many mountains in Afghanistan, but the Hindikush system is believed to be the most important. The Hindikush system holds the three largest mountains including: Pamir Mountains, Karakorum Mountains, and the Himalayas. The average Hindikush evelation is 4,500 meters tall. This system stretches 966 kilometers long, but only 600 kilometers are considered to be in the Hindikush system. The remaining length of this system is made up of much smaller mountains. -mo

Two thirds of Afghanistan is mountainous land with little or no vegetation. Since Afghanistan is mainly mountains it is hard for them to grow crops. They have very little farmland and deserts. The deserts are a difficult place to grow crops in and so they have a shortage of crops due to the little farmland they have. Since Afghanistan has such a small amount of land to grow crops in it is critical that they do farm because they need the food to survive. -al

The agricultural farm products have decreased by 50 percent in the recent years. There are many factors that led to shortage. Other factors have led Afghanistan to have such little farmland other than just mountains. Humans and natural disasters have also led to the shortage of fertile land. The humans have caused this shortage for three main reasons. They have done this by deforestation, heavy war technology, such as land mines and chemicals, and also most people have been moving to urban places to live. The natural disasters also played a huge role in the destruction of the land. Some major factors that nature cause are: floods, avalanches, sandstorms, droughts, and the climate. These main factors play the role of the destruction of the little fertile farmland Afghanistan has making it difficult for them to have the necessary crops. -al



Sources:
http://countrystudies.us/afghanistan/32.htm
http://www.afghan-web.com/geography/environment.html
http://geography.about.com/library/cia/blcafghanistan.htm