The Two Conquerers That Shaped Afganistan​
Jake Feldman Feb 28
Alexander was born in 356 B.C. He was born son of Phillip the second, the king of Macedonia, and Olympias, a princess. Alexander would rise to power at age sixteen and conquer the know world by age twenty-five. In his conquores he would shape much of the land around him into districts for which he ruled. Afganistan was one of these districts. Alexander would spread many of the middle eastern ideas into Afganistan but never had complete controll over the land, the people were to indepenent to be put into Alexander's melting pot.

Genghis Khan was conquering lands in Asia and Eastern Europe in the early 1200's. He rose to overlord in 1210. Khan envaded the
sultan's land with the majority of the cities bowing down to him in exchange for his protection. He took over the Afghan land but could not hold it for long. The history of Afganistan is that of gorialla fighting. The land is far to harsh, many have found it difficult, if not impossible, to govern. Even the United States can't control such a land. Now the Tailban holds the land, but there rule is violent and unpredicitable, much like the history of the land.

The reign of Alexander the Great (336–323 B.C.) would change the face of Europe and Asia forever. As crown prince, he received the finest education in the Macedonian court under his celebrated tutor Aristotle. At the age of twenty, already a charismatic and decisive leader, Alexander quickly harnessed the Macedonian forces that his father's reforms had made into the premier military power in the region. In 334 B.C., he led a grand army across the Hellespont in Asia. With some 43,000 infantry and 5,500 cavalry, it was the most formidable military expedition ever to leave Greece. The first to reach Asiatic soil, Alexander leapt ashore, cast a spear into the land, and dramatically claimed the continent as "spear won." J.R.

Some 800 years ago a fearsome warrior named Temujin united the nomadic tribes of Mongolia. In 1206, he assumed the title Genghis Khan, often translated as emperor of emperors, and started invading surrounding territories. Massacring many of the people that he conquered, so as to leave no enemies and to strike fear in would-be foes, Genghis Khan ultimately controlled a massive empire ranging from today's Afghanistan across China. His male descendants continued the dynasty for many generations. J.R.

This is a map of Alexander the Great's empire. Afganistan is in the western part of the map, to the left of India.

Works Cited